Apocalyptic Paul 2021

“Was Paul an Apocalyptic Jew? A Case in Jewish Diversity in the Second Temple Period” (Virtual Event, Mon-Wed, Oct 25-27, 2021)

Conference Chairs: Gabriele Boccaccini; Lisa Bowens; Emma Wasserman; Loren Stuckenbruck

Secretary: Joshua Scott

Paul of Tarsus was born, lived and died a Jew. Raised as a Pharisee, he then joined the early Jesus movement, a first-century Jewish apocalyptic and messianic group. Paul became one of the most vocal leaders of the new movement and promoted its expansion among the gentiles. The conference, organized by the Enoch Seminar and the Frankel Institute for Advanced Judaic Studies, aims to move Pauline research to a further stage, beyond reclaiming Paul to Second Temple Judaism and proving that “he was not Lutheran.” By taking Paul’s Jewishness as a shared starting point, the conference explores the figure of Paul within Second Temple Judaism in a line of continuity with the Jewish apocalyptic tradition (and the Enochic tradition in particular), not as an apostate of Judaism but as part of the vibrant Jewish diversity of the time.

The conference will not be aimed at a general audience, but will instead bring together a group of selected specialists. It will be a workshop with discussion sessions introduced by oral presentations by specialists, more than a series of papers. The goal is to gather all major specialists working in the field and have plenty of time for discussion. 

For more information, contact the conference secretary, Joshua Scott (scottjos@umich.edu).

Register for this virtual event here: https://tinyurl.com/p6kr29j5

Participation is limited to members of academia. As this meeting is closed to the general public, the registration process is not automatic; please be patient if there is a delay in the receipt of your registration.

Donations (thru the Michigan Center for Early Christian Studies)

There is no registration fee, but a modest donation of $10-20 (or more!) would be greatly appreciated in order to help cover the Enoch Seminar’s ongoing expenses. We warmly invite all participants, speakers and attendees, to contribute. The Enoch Seminar is a free and independent organization thanks solely to the support of people like you!

Donations to the Enoch Seminar are managed through our partner organization, the Michigan Center for Early Christian Studies. To donate, enter the page (below) and click on the button under “Donate to the Enoch Seminar” at the top of the page.

Donate here: https://mcecs.org/register-for-enoch-seminar/


MONDAY Oct 25, 2021:

9am-11am — Opening session: Paul & Apocalypticism

John J. Collins & Emma Wasserman (panelists), Gabriele Boccaccini (respondent)

11:30am-1:30pm — Session One: “The Origin of Evil, the Devil, and the Triumph of God on Evil Forces”

Lisa Bowens, Matthew Goff, Kelly J. Murphy, Jamie Davies (1), Maston (2)

2:30pm-4:30pm — Session Two: ” Paul’s Apocalyptic Messianism “

Loren Stuckenbruck, L. Ann Jervis, Alexandra Brown, James Waddell, J. Thomas Hewitt (1), Joshua Garroway (2)


TUESDAY, Oct 26, 2021:

9:30am-11:00am — Session Three: Paul and the Torah in an Apocalyptic Perspective

Matthew Novenson, Mark Kinzer (1), Joshua Garroway (1), Maston (3)

11:30am-1:30pm — Session Four: “Justification, Forgiveness, Judgment, and Salvation”

Magnus Zetterholm, Matthias Henze, Davies (2), Maston (4)

2:30pm-4:30pm — Session Five: “No longer Jew or Greek, slave or free, male or female: Gender, ethnicity and social status in apocalyptic perspective”

Joseph Angel, Laura Dingeldein, Ishay Rosen-Zvi (respondent). J. Thomas Hewitt (2), Mark Kinzer (2)


WEDNESDAY, Oct 27, 2021:

9:30am-11:00am — Session Six: “Paul’s ‘Conversion’ within Judaism: an Apocalyptic Jew and a (Former?) Pharisee”

Gerbern Oegema, Mark Nanos, James Maston, Joshua Garroway (3)

11:30am-1:00pm — Session Seven: “Paul within Paganism (Paula Fredriksen, chair)”

Jennifer Eyl, Stephen Young, Matthew Sharp, Matthew Thiessen

Respondents: Stanley Stowers, Paula Fredriksen

2:30pm-4:30pm — Wrap-up session: what’s next?



  1. Joseph Angel, Yeshiva University, USA
  2. Albert Baumgarten, Bar-Ilan University, Israel
  3. Kelley Coblentz Bautch, St Edwards University, USA
  4. Gabriele Boccaccini, University of Michigan, USA
  5. Daniel Boyarin, University of California Berkeley, USA
  6. Lisa M. Bowens, Princeton Theological Seminary, USA
  7. Alexandra Brown, Washington & Lee University, USA
  8. Douglas Campbell, Duke University, USA
  9. Rodney Caruthers, Gustavus College, USA
  10. Carsten Claussen, Paderborn University, Germany
  11. John J. Collins, Yale University, USA
  12. Jamie P. Davies, Trinity College, Bristol, England.
  13. Genevive Dibley, Rockford University, USA
  14. Laura Dingeldein, University of Illinois Chicago, USA
  15. Lorenzo DiTommaso, Concordia University, Canada
  16. Kathy Ehrensperger, University of Potsdam, Germany
  17. Yael Fisch, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
  18. Deborah Forger, Dartmouth College, USA
  19. Paula Fredriksen, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
  20. Michele Freyhauf, PhD Candidate, Durham University, England
  21. Joshua D. Garroway, Hebrew Union College, USA
  22. Matthew Goff, Florida State University, USA
  23. Matthias Henze, Rice University, USA
  24. J. Thomas Hewitt, University of Aberdeen, Scotland
  25. L. Ann Jervis, Wycliffe College at the University of Toronto, Canada
  26. Thomas Kazen, Stockholm School of Theology, Sweden
  27. Mark S. Kinzer, rabbi and author, USA
  28. G. Anthony Keddie, University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada
  29. Amy-Jill Levine, Vanderbilt University, USA
  30. Grant Macaskill, University of Aberdeen, Scotland
  31. Jason Maston, Houston Baptist University, USA
  32. Kelly J. Murphy, Central Michigan University, USA
  33. Mark Nanos, University of Kansas, USA
  34. Jared Neusch, doctoral student, King’s College London, England
  35. Matthew Novenson, University of Edinburgh, Scotland
  36. Gerbern Oegema, McGill University, Canada
  37. Isaac Oliver, Bradley University, USA
  38. Benjamin Reynolds, Tyndale University, Canada
  39. Ishay Rosen-Zvi, Tel-Aviv University, Israel
  40. Joshua Scott, PhD candidate, University of Michigan, USA
  41. Loren T. Stuckenbruck, University of Munich, Germany
  42. Matthew Thiessen, McMaster University, Canada
  43. James Waddell, Ecumenical Theological Seminary, USA
  44. Emma Wasserman, Rutgers University, USA
  45. Rebecca Wollenberg, University of Michigan, USA
  46. Magnus Zettelholm, Lund University, Sweden