Theodor Bibliander (Theodor Buchmann; 1506-1564) was a Swiss scholar, orientalist, philologist of Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and Arabic, and a specialist in Apocalyptic Studiesand Early Islamic Studies. The father of Biblical research in Switzerland. In his commentaries on Revelation (1549) and 4 Ezra (1553) maintained the identification of Antichrist with the Papacy, yet showed a genuine attempt to extricate himself from the morass of contemporary polemics and come nearer to discovering what the apocalyptic writers wished their readers to understand. He edited the first printed edition of the Qur’an in Latin, based on the text by Robert of Ketton.